Convergences and Divergences
Streams of Black Pan-Afrikanism vs. Continentalist All-Africanism
In 2016 Haiti, which was mentioned by name at the 1900 Pan-African Conference (at which the term pan-Africanism was coined), applied to join the African Union but was denied. In that same year, Morocco, in which an estimated 219,700 people are held as عبد ‘Abeed’ (a word meaning both slave and Black person interchangeably), applied to join the African Union and was accepted as a full member. Using news articles and contemporary data procured from a variety of sources, in this paper, we will examine the Haiti vs. Morocco treatment at the hands of the AU as a manifestation of the ongoing struggle between the original Black Pan-Afrikanism and the modern-day counterfeit version also known colloquially as Continentalism. We find that the hijacking of the term “Pan-Africanism” has had lasting repercussions for Afrikan=Black people, some of which are only being felt today. In conclusion, we will offer solutions and a possible way forward for Afrikan=Black people who have been disenfranchised in favor of nations where, to date, they are still regarded as عبد ‘Abeed’. What is the role of Nana Marcus Mosiah Garvey and that of Nana Kwame Nkrumah in the origins of these two streams of Pan-Afrikanism vs. All-Africanism?